What's Inspected During A Home Inspection

Grounds

____ Proper grading drainage away from house

____ No evidence of standing water

____ No leaks from septic tank or leech field

____ Yard, landscaping, trees and walkways in good condition

____ No branches or bushes touching house or overhanging the roof

____ Exterior structures (fences, sheds, decks, retaining walls, detached garages) in good condition, no evidence of termite damage or rotted wood

____ Railings on stairs and decks are adequate and secure

____ Driveways, sidewalks, patios, entrance landings in good condition, and pitched away from structure

____ Downspout drainage directed away from structure

Structure

____ Ridge and fascia board lines appear straight and level

____ Sides of house appear straight, not bowed or sagging

____ Window and doorframes appear square (especially bowed windows)

____ Visible foundation in good condition - appears straight, plumb, with no significant cracks

Exterior Surfaces

____ Adequate clearance between ground and wood siding materials (6" minimum); no wood-to-earth contact

____ Siding: no cracking, curling, loose, rot or decay

____ Masonry veneers: no cracks in joints, no broken, spalling or flaking components

____ Stucco: no large cracks (discuss all stucco cracks with a professional inspector)

____ Vinyl or aluminum siding: no dents, damage, no bowing or loose siding

____ No vines on surface of structure

____ Exterior paint or stain: no flaking or blisters

____ No stains on exterior surfaces

Windows, Doors and Wood Trim

____ Wood frames and trim pieces are secure, no cracks, rot or decay

____ Joints around frames are caulked

____ No broken glass (window or storm panes) or damaged screens, no broken doublepaned, insulated window seals.

____ Muntin and mullion glazing compound in good condition

____ Storm windows or thermal glass used

____ Drip caps installed over windows

Roof

____ Composition shingles: no curling, no cupping, no loss of granulation particulate, no broken, damaged or missing shingles, no more than two layers of roofing

____ Wood shingles or shakes: no mold, rot or decay, no cracked/broken/missing shingles, no curling

____ Flat roofs: no obvious patches, no cracks or splits, minimal blisters/"alligatoring" and wrinkles, no silt deposits (indicates improper drainage), sealed tar at flashings

____ Flashing around roof penetrations

____ No evidence of excess roofing cement/tar/caulk

____ Soffits and fascia: no decay, no stains

____ Exterior venting for eave areas: vents are clean and not painted over

____ Gutters: no decay or rust, joints sealed, attached securely to structure, no bending or sagging, no sections of gutter or downspout missing, gutters clean, no mud deposits

____ Chimneys: straight, properly flashed, no evidence of damaged bricks or cracked joints, mortar/cement cap in good condition

Attic

____ No stains on underside of roofing, especially around roof penetrations

____ No evidence of decay or damage to structure

____ Sufficient insulation and properly installed insulation (moisture barrier installed closest to the heated area of the house)

____ Adequate ventilation, clear path into attic for air entering through soffit vents, adequately sized gable end louvers, all mechanical ventilation operational

____ No plumbing, exhaust or appliance vents terminating in attic

____ No open electrical splices

Interior Rooms

____ Floors, walls and ceilings appear straight and plumb and level

____ No stains on floors, walls or ceilings

____ Flooring materials in good condition

____ No significant cracks in walls or ceilings

____ Windows and exterior doors operate easily and latch properly, no broken glass, no sashes painted shut, no decay; windows and doors have weather-stripping, "weep holes" installed

____ Interior doors operate easily and latch properly, no damage or decay, no broken hardware

____ Paint, wall covering, and paneling in good condition

____ Wood trim installed well and in good condition

____ Lights and switches operate properly

____ Adequate number of three pronged electrical outlets in each room

____ Electrical outlets test properly (spot check)

____ Heating/cooling source in each habitable room

____ Evidence of adequate insulation in walls

____ Fireplace: no cracking or damaged masonry, no evidence of back-drafting (staining on fireplace fa├žade), damper operates properly, flue has been cleaned, flue is lined

Kitchen

____ Working exhaust fan that is vented to the exterior of the building

____ Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter ("GFCI") protection for electrical outlets within 6 feet of the sink(s)

____ Dishwasher: drains properly, no leaks, baskets, door spring operates properly
____ No leaks in pipes under sinks

____ Floor in cabinet under sink solid, no stains or decay

____ Water flow in sink adequate

____ No excessive rust or deterioration on garbage disposal or waste pipes

____ Built-in appliances operate properly

____ Cabinets in good condition: doors and drawers operate properly

Bathrooms

____ Working exhaust fan that doesn't terminate in the attic space

____ Adequate flow and pressure at all fixtures

____ Sink, tub and shower drain properly

____ Plumbing and cabinet floor under sink in good condition

____ If sink is metal, it shows no signs of rust, overflow drain doesn't leak

____ Toilet operates properly

____ Toilet stable, no rocking, no stains around base

____ Caulking in good condition inside and outside of the tub and shower area

____ Tub or shower tiles secure, wall surface solid

____ No stains or evidence of past leaking around base of bath or shower

Miscellaneous

____ Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors where required by local ordinances

____ Stairway treads and risers solid

____ Stair handrails where needed and in good condition
____ Automatic garage door opener operates properly, stops properly for obstacles

Basement or Mechanical Room

____ No evidence of moisture

____ Exposed foundation; no stains no major cracks, no flaking, no efflorescence

____ Visible structural wood: no sagging, no damage, no decay, no stains, no damage from insects, sills attached to foundation with anchor bolts

____ Insulation at rim/band joists

Crawl Space

____ Adequately vented to exterior

____ Insulation on exposed water supply, waste and vent pipes

____ Insulation between crawl space and heated areas, installed with vapor barrier towards heated area

____ No evidence of insect damage

____ No evidence of moisture damage

Plumbing

____ Visible pipes: no damage, no evidence of leaks, no signs of stains on materials near pipes; drain pipes slope slightly down towards outlet to septic/sewage system

____ Water heater: no signs of rust, vented properly, sized to produce adequate quantities of hot water for the number of bedrooms in the house.

____ Water pump: does not short cycle

____ Galvanized pipes do not restrict water flow

____ Well water test is acceptable
____ Hot water temperature between 118 - 125 degrees Fahrenheit

Electrical

____ Visible wiring: in good condition, no "knob-and-tube" wiring, no exposed splices, cables secured and protected

____ Service panel: adequate capacity, all cables attached to panel with cable connectors; fuses or breakers are not overheating

____ No aluminum cable for branch circuits

Heating/Cooling System

____ Appears to operate well throughout (good air flow on forced hot air systems)

____ Flues: no open seams, slopes up to chimney connection

____ No rust around cooling unit

____ No combustion gas odor

____ Air filter(s) clean

____ Ductwork in good condition

____ No asbestos on heating pipes, water pipes or air ducts

____ Separate flues for gas/oil/propane and wood/coal